SummerIsHere Predstavništva Slovenija Glasilo Rab – Otok pokrajinske raznolikosti in bogatega zgodovinskega nasledstva  
 
Rab – Otok pokrajinske raznolikosti in bogatega zgodovinskega nasledstva
Otok Rab je del arhipelaga Kvarnerskega zaliva na severnem delu Jadranskega morja. Dolg je 22 in širok od 3-10 km. Poleg mesta Raba se na otoku nahaja še sedem malih mest: Barbat, Banjol, Palit, Kampor, Mundanije, Supetarska Draga in Lopar.

Otoku pripada niz malih otokov, 27 čeri in grebenov, ki ga obkrožajo in tako prispevajo k njegovi lepoti: otoček Lukovac, nenaseljeni otok Dolin, Sv. Grgur, Sv. Juraj, Veli in Mali Laganj, Trstenik, Veli i Mali Dolfin, Goli otok in drugi. Ker otok pred sunki burje ščiti hrib Kamenjak se temperatura skoraj nikoli ne spusti pod ničlo. Rab je otok sonca saj ima 2.470 sončnih ur letno.

Otok že v 4. stoletju p. n. š. omenja grški geograf Pseudo Skilaksa, v antičnem obdobju pa Plinije Starejši pod imenom Arba. Temelji rabskih mestnih obzidij na Kaldancu, kar je najstarejši del Raba, izhajajo še iz 1. stoletja, iz časa carja Oktaviana Augusta. Če potujete s trajektom od Jablanca do pristanišča Mišnjak na otoku Rabu je prva slika, ki jo vidite del otoka pokrit z golim kamnom in zdi se, kot da ni življenja, le kamen. Po kratki vožnji od pristanišča v Mišnjaku se pokrajina počasi spreminja, skale zamenja bujno mediteransko rastlinje, gozdovi hrasta, črnike, borovcev in cipres.

V množici velikih in manjših parkov je največje bogastvo mesta Raba mestni park Komrčar, eden najlepših parkov na Jadranu. Mesto Rab ima kot kulturno in zgodovinsko središče otoka dolgo zgodovino. Omenjen je 10 let p. n. š. v starorimskem dokumentu, katerega tedanji rimski cesar Oktavian August proglasi za municipij in mu podeli samostojnost.

Mesto dobi tudi redek častni epitet Felix (srečen) kar pomeni, da je bil že tedaj razvito civilizirano mesto. Stari del mesta je opasan s srednjeveškimi zidovi iz klesanega kamna, zgrajenimi že v 12. in 13. stoletju, ki ga v večjem delu obkrožajo še danes. Staremu delu mesta dominirajo štirje zvoniki in številne cerkve. Eden od najpomembnejših rabskih spomenikov je cerkev sv. Marije iz 12. stoletja (bivša škofovska bazilika). Zvonik te bazilike iz 12. stoletja je od cerkve oddaljen in dominira mestu ter spada med najlepša poslopja pozne romantike na hrvaškem.

Gostom mesto Rab ponuja zelo kvalitetno nastanitev v sedmih hotelih, enemu kampu, številnih penzionih, vilah, apartmajih in sobah v zasebnih hišah, tu pa sta še dve marini. Otok Rab je otok s čudovito pokrajinsko raznolikostjo in prekrasnimi raznovrstnimi plažami, mesto Rab pa mesto bogatega zgodovinskega nasledstva, dolgih in udobnih sprehajališč in s 120 letno tradicijo organiziranega ukvarjanja s turizmom.

Turistična skupnost Primorsko-goranske županije
www.kvarner.hr

Turistička zajednica mesta Rab
www.tzg-rab-hr
 
 

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