Although it probably originated in Italy, the Debit is now considered an indigenous white grape variety from the region of Dalmatia, and wines made from it are well-balanced and palatable.
Although the Debit is nowadays considered to be an indigenous white variety from the region of North Dalmatia, it is actually hypothesised that it originated in Italy, more specifically, in the vicinity of Bari. In Croatia, it is mostly grown in Dalmatia, where it is one of the predominant white grape varieties, also known as Puljižanac, Bjelina, Pagadebit, etc. Some of the more prominent spots that grow Debit are the Promina and Drniš wine regions, where it is actually the primary variety. It is often planted next to the Plavina and Lasina varieties, especially in the area of the towns of Šibenik and Skradin.
It was once a variety that produced highly valued Dalmatian wines that were even exported to other countries. After experiencing a surge in popularity some hundred years ago, the variety faced a turbulent era when the quality of wine made from it lost much of its quality. Its steady rise began only in the mid-’90s, leading to worldwide recognition and awards for some of the Croatian labels producing it.
Grapes from this variety take a while to ripen, which means that they accumulate sugar throughout the still hot months of early autumn, and at the same time develop a certain level of acidity. Debit wines are well-balanced and palatable, and provide a great basis for making sparkling wines. The wines are mainly dry and light, with mild acidity, and the variety also offers a great potential for producing dessert wines. Their alcohol content is usually up to 12%. The golden-yellow wine can be served with young lamb, cooked white fish, grilled prawns and scampi, or – in the case of fresh Debit – with dishes that contain chicken breasts.