This is the second largest city in Croatia, and an urban and cultural centre at the crossroads of Dalmatia. It straddles a peninsula at the foot of the Marjan hill, with the Kozjak and Mosor mountains ascending behind the city and waterfront. This increasingly popular tourist destination had its ‘official’ beginning in the year 300AD. In that year the Emperor Diocletian began the construction of his palace here, which combined the elements of an imperial villa, a Hellenistic city and a Roman military fort. However, there are archaeological findings attesting to a more ancient history of Split.
The historical centre was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1979, and the number of annual tourists is steadily increasing.
In the former home of Diocletian, you cannot miss the well-known Peristyle, nor the Cathedral of St Duje with its wooden doors fashioned by Andrija Buvina.
For culturelovers, Split offers a theatrical and exhibition programme, including the international festival of opera, concerts, drama, dance and street theatre. Due to various sporting events that are organized here, as well as the fact that Split has produced many top athletes, Spalatians call their city the sportiest city in the world. The city is connected with smaller islands in the Split archipelago by ferry. The archipelago includes Šolta, whose name is believed to come from the Greek word olynthia, which means ‘unripe fig’.