Roč

EDEN finalist 2006/2007

Roč

Roč is a typical Istrian town, although not due to its size because only 150 people live there, but because of its rich cultural heritage. Like all other historic Istrian towns it is located on top of a hill and only 8 kilometres away from Buzet. It is hard to resist its beauty and perhaps it would have been known only as just another romantic town from a tourist guide had it not been for its extraordinary cultural heritage based on the Glagolitic script. The most important Glagolitic graffito of medieval Istria was discovered here - the Roč Glagolitic Abecedarium. It is not only the oldest, but also the most complete abecedarium, with 34 letters. 

 

The 1368 Missal of Duke Novak, one of the most beautiful cultural monuments written in the angular variant of the Croatian Glagolitic script, was prepared for print in Roč, as well as the Missale Romanum Glagolitice, the first book printed in Croatian and the first missal in Europe not written in Latin, the first Slavic incunabulum printed in two colours - red and black, and the first book in the world printed by movable type. 

 

From the Middle Ages until the 20th century, this town was the centre of Croatian literacy, publishing and printing based on the Glagolitic script, as evidenced by the replica of the Gutenberg Glagolitic printing press at the Roč information centre.