In terms of the number and variety of species of flora, Croatia is one of the richest countries in Europe. There is a huge diversity, which in some locations reaches up to 3000 plant varieties on Velebit and the Kvarner islands. This is extremely rare, especially on the surface area of such a small country like Croatia. The untouched green areas of Gorski Kotar and Lika, or even the Istrian south with their exceptional ecological values and concentration of protected natural parks are true conserved treasure troves of endemic species. A special mention should be made here for orchid lovers. In the most southern part of Istria, amongst the many types of orchid growing here, there is the unique endemic Istrian Serapias (serapias istriaca), which up until now has never been found anywhere else.